Fall 2006

Orange Crush

Three festivals

Kavior Moon

Ivrea, 2005. Photo Aram Armstrong.

Orange-throwing battle in progress during the Carnival in Ivrea, Italy.

According to a popular legend, in 1194, a just-married local miller’s daughter named Violetta cut off the head of the ruling Count Ranieri of Biandrate, who had demanded the right to spend the first night with newly-wedded brides. The beheading started a popular revolt during which the commoners fought with stones against the troops and set the tyrant’s castle on fire. Oranges were introduced into the carnival in the nineteenth century as people on balconies would toss them at passersby, who would respond in kind. This developed into the present celebration, known as La Battaglia delle Arance: the teams on foot represent the commoners, while those in horse-drawn carts represent the tyrant’s troops and the ruling class.

Men dressed as Gille, the principal character of the Carnival in Binche, Belgium. They carry baskets of blood oranges to throw to onlookers, as seen in the picture below.

Legend has it that while residing in Binche in 1549, Queen Maria of Hungary decided to organize a special ceremony during the town’s Carnival festivities in honor of her brother Emperor Charles V and his son Philip II of Spain, who had come for a visit. She had the courtiers dress as Incas, a reference to the Spanish expeditions to South America at the time, though another version of the story claims real Incas were brought over from Peru. The Incan-inspired character—later named Gille—traditionally wears a wax mask, a hay-stuffed burlap suit decorated with bells, an eight-pound, white-plumed hat (made with ostrich feathers), and wooden shoes. The “Gilles” appear only once a year, on Shrove Tuesday, when they dance down the streets to the beat of drums during a parade leading to the Town Hall. The oranges are thought to be a substitute for the gold coins that Queen Maria threw to the crowd.

Floats made of lemons and oranges on display at La Fête du Citron in Menton, France (2006).

This festival, which takes place in mid-February each year, was started in 1934 by an ambitious local hotelier to attract tourists. Some three to four tons of citrus fruits—mainly lemons and oranges—are used for each of the floats, which are designed according to a new theme each year. All the fruit, nearly 120 tons worth, is imported from Spain. After the event, the surviving fruits are sold at a discounted price for consumption.

Binche, 2004. Courtesy Alain Schroeder, Reporters Agency.
Menton, 2006. Courtesy Office de 90 Tourisme de Menton.

Kavior Moon is an editorial assistant of Cabinet.

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